A History of Iran: Empire of the Mind (Revised & Updated by Michael Axworthy

By Michael Axworthy

Iran is a land of contradictions.

It is an Islamic republic, yet one during which merely 1.4 percentage of the inhabitants attend Friday prayers. Iran's spiritual tradition encompasses the main censorious and dogmatic Shi'a Muslim clerics on the planet, but its poetry insistently dwells at the joys of lifestyles: wine, attractiveness, intercourse. Iranian ladies are topic to 1 of the main restrictive gown codes within the Islamic international, yet make up approximately 60 percentage of the scholar inhabitants of the nation's universities.

In A heritage of Iran, acclaimed historian Michael Axworthy chronicles the wealthy historical past of this advanced state from the Achaemenid Empire of 6th century B.C. to the present-day Islamic Republic. In enticing prose, this revised version explains the army, political, spiritual, and cultural forces that experience formed one of many oldest carrying on with civilizations on the earth, bringing us up smooth instances. Concluding with an evaluate of the enormous adjustments the kingdom has gone through because the revolution in 1979, together with a detailed examine Iran's ongoing makes an attempt to turn into a nuclear strength, A heritage of Iran deals basic readers an important consultant to figuring out this risky state, that is once more on the heart of the world's consciousness.

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By Michael Axworthy

Iran is a land of contradictions.

It is an Islamic republic, yet one during which merely 1.4 percentage of the inhabitants attend Friday prayers. Iran's spiritual tradition encompasses the main censorious and dogmatic Shi'a Muslim clerics on the planet, but its poetry insistently dwells at the joys of lifestyles: wine, attractiveness, intercourse. Iranian ladies are topic to 1 of the main restrictive gown codes within the Islamic international, yet make up approximately 60 percentage of the scholar inhabitants of the nation's universities.

In A heritage of Iran, acclaimed historian Michael Axworthy chronicles the wealthy historical past of this advanced state from the Achaemenid Empire of 6th century B.C. to the present-day Islamic Republic. In enticing prose, this revised version explains the army, political, spiritual, and cultural forces that experience formed one of many oldest carrying on with civilizations on the earth, bringing us up smooth instances. Concluding with an evaluate of the enormous adjustments the kingdom has gone through because the revolution in 1979, together with a detailed examine Iran's ongoing makes an attempt to turn into a nuclear strength, A heritage of Iran deals basic readers an important consultant to figuring out this risky state, that is once more on the heart of the world's consciousness.

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Extra info for A History of Iran: Empire of the Mind (Revised & Updated Edition)

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Yet Melkite communities adapted rapidly to the realities of their new Islamic world. By the early ninth century, Syriac and Arabic became the written and liturgical languages of choice, as Melkite communities relinquished the Greek traditions that were part of a vanishing Hellenistic Near East, and joined a vigorous new Islamic intellectual world. Levantine cities such as Jerusalem and Antioch and the regions around them were centers for the largest Melkite communities; but the intellectual heart of the Melkites beat in the Judean desert monasteries, most famously at Mar Saba, home to titans of theology such as John of Damascus (c.

Byzantine armies, manned with Armenian soldiers and allied with Armenian aristocrats,33 were victorious against Muslim armies, conquering territories that had been under Muslim rule for over three hundred years. As a result, the Byzantine Empire in the early eleventh century enjoyed power and breadth of territory unmatched since the age of Justinian. 36 Chapter 1 Armenians played a major role both in the Byzantine army and as allies, and their participation in the reconquest led to widespread Armenian settlement in the conquered areas.

The Melkite theologian Theodore Abu Qurrah visited Ashot Msaker (d. 826), a Bagratuni prince, to lead him to drink from Melkite waters, but his visit provoked the Jacobite theologian Abu Ra’ita to send his disciple Nonnus of Nisibis to counter Theodore’s Melkite propaganda. ”31 Even with the reemergence of the Armenian kingship in the ninth century, Armenians maintained a complex relationship of alliance and aggression with caliphal authority in Baghdad. An Arab governor (the ostikan) continued to reside in Partaw or Dvin, who, although nominally representative of the caliph, often allied with Armenian princes against local rivals or against the central authority of the caliph.

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