By Sigurdur Hafthorsson
The learn is an intensive exam of either textual and archaeological resources for the background of the dominion of Aram-Damascus.
This country used to be an Aramean nation focused round Damascus in Syria from ca. 1100 to 732 B.C. The textual resources for the research are inscriptions in Aramaic, Neo-Assyrian inscriptions, and the previous testomony. In past reviews, archaeology has been little utilized in tracing this country. This research provides an outline of excavations and surveys within the area round Damascus and the Golan.
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Extra info for A Passing Power: An Examination of the Sources for the History of Aram-Damascus in the Second Half of the Ninth Century B.C
279 In addition, the Zakkur inscription and possibly the Assyrian texts give us a picture of an aggressive king, yet a king who is slowly losing power-not a victor. 280 In any case, we do not have any documented aggression that resembles what we see in the Tel Dan stele. It seems therefore that both Hazael and his son Bar-Hadad can be seen as possible authors of the Tel Dan inscription, and that we have some problems with both identifications. struction based on something else than the text itself, and should be labelled as such.
One might also expect the definite article to be present, as in Hebrew. On the other hand, the translation ofKyrieleis & Rollig, 'erhaben,' is found frequently for this word, but only in later texts. J is to be taken as 'river,' both the Euphrates and the Orontes are possible candidates. To my knowledge, no river in the Levant has the status of being called 'the river' without predication, except for the Euphrates in the Old Testament. None of the above interpretations is without great problems.
111I1':J • l [ 1~ill' ]7 • 0:1 . ji1~ • I1' [~ • ~1:1'1 ]-:171 • nn~ [. Oilll-\1 . 7~1]ill'. 7:17. l7 [ . 13 55 The a priori most probable case is that the fragments belong to the same inscription when we consider that no other basalt stelae with inscriptions have been found in the area. Further, there is a great similarity of writing and contents. In fact, no compelling evidence forces us to separate the two. 226 Then again, the question of how to fit the pieces together is a more complex one.