By Bernice Glatzer-Rosenthal, Martha Bohachevsky-Chomiak
The non secular revival that's sweeping the Soviet Union this present day had its genesis within the spiritual renaissance of the early twentieth century. In either circumstances, it was once lay intellectuals, disillusioned with simplistic positivism and materialism, who tailored Russian orthodoxy to fashionable existence. Their principles reverberated, not just in faith and philosophy, yet in artwork, literature, portray, theater and picture. Banned via the Soviet executive in 1922, the writings of the spiritual renaissance have been rediscovered within the Brezhnev period by way of a brand new new release of Soviet intellectuals dissatisfied with Marxism. Circulating from hand handy in unlawful typewritten variants (samizdat), they exerted an evergrowing effect on Soviet society, from the very best right down to usual humans. lower than the recent coverage of glasnost, the govt. itself is at the moment reprinting their works. the decisions integrated during this quantity mirror the profundity and breadth in their idea and are awarded in English for the 1st time. the popularity of the common want and value of non secular values and beliefs united this another way heterogeneous crew and bears witness to the range in their method of the elemental problems with the human . The centrality of those lay intellectuals' issues transcends the specifics of the historic state of affairs in early twentieth century Russia and makes their writings suitable to the common human . so as of visual appeal, the decisions are: VLADIMIR SOLOVYOV, The Enemy from the East, The Russian nationwide excellent; NIKOLAI GROT, at the actual projects of Philosophy; SERGEI DIAGHILEV, advanced Questions; VASILLY V. ROZANOV, On Sweetest Jesus and the sour culmination of the realm; NIKOLAI BERDIAEV, Socialism as faith; SERGEI BULGAKOV, An pressing job; VIACHISLAV IVANOV, drawback of Individualism, GEORGII CHULKOV, On Mystical Anarchism; DMITRI S. MEREZHKOVSKY, Revolution and faith, The Jewish query As a Russian query; GEORGII FLOROVSKY, on this planet of Quests and Wanderings; PAVEL NOVGORODTSEV, The Essence of the Russian Orthodox attention; PETR STRUVE, The Intelligentsia and the nationwide Face; ANDREI BELY, Revolution and tradition; ALEKSANDR BLOK, Catiline; EVGENY TRUBETSKOI, The Bolshevist Utopia and the spiritual circulate.
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Extra resources for A Revolution of the Spirit: Crisis of Value in Russia, 1890-1924
You did nothing to educate the people in the Christian faith or to ensure their daily bread. 17 Solovyov differed from the intelligentsia in his acceptance of philosophical idealism, his realization of the need for organized state power and of the possibility of a just war, his stress upon the city as a cultural force, and his unwillingness to see democracy as a panacea. He was also more critical of Russia's expansionism and its policies of Russification than many of them. A philo-Semite, he spoke out against pogroms and against Russia's persecution of its Jewish minority.
By divorcing religion from conservatism, he made religion and metaphysics intellectually respectable for the Russian intelligentsia. The ideal of total integration for which Solovyov worked was based on the moral regeneration of mankind. He argued that modern malaise, loneliness, aggression, even poverty could be overcome only when the implications of the Incarnationof God becoming manwere fully realized. For not only was man good, he could become perfect in his ability to choose the good voluntarily.
Merezhkovsky 187 Revolution and Religion 189 The Jewish Question as a Russian Question 222 10 Georgii Florovsky 225 In the World of Quests and Wanderings 227 Page vi 11 Pavel Novgorodtsev 247 The Essence of the Russian Orthodox Consciousness 249 12 Petr Struve 265 The Intelligentsia and the National Face 267 13 Andrei Bely 271 Revolution and Culture 273 14 Aleksandr Blok 291 Catiline: A Page from the History of World Revolution 293 15 Evgeny Trubetskoi 321 The Bolshevist Utopia and the Religious Movement in Russia 323 Afterword 339 Select Bibliography 345 Page vii PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION The purpose of this book is to familiarize the reader with those aspects of Russian thought that seek to illuminate the intersection of philosophy, religion, the arts, and public policy.