By Anna Contadini
The Kitāb Naʿt al-Ḥayawān is the earliest of a gaggle of illustrated manuscripts facing the features of animals and their medicinal makes use of. the current learn considers either the confluence of textual traditions inside of this paintings and the stylistic and iconographic relationships of its illustrations, which make it a key witness to early thirteenth-century Arab portray. After a re-examination of past ways, emphasis is put on concerning photo to textual content, on stylistic affiliations, and at the modalities of construction, supported by means of technical analyses undertaken for the 1st time. In elucidating the actual context of this distinctive manuscript, the research contributes to our figuring out of a serious interval within the improvement of heart japanese portray and paintings.
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Extra resources for A World of Beasts: A Thirteenth-Century Illustrated Arabic Book on Animals (the Kitāb Na‘t al-Ḥayawān) in the Ibn Bakhtīshū‘ Tradition
That there was also a painting of the Dog is almost certain considering the arrangement of the manuscript: this animal comes under the Wild Quadrupeds, a section in which every animal treated is also depicted. Given the length of text on the Dog in the Escorial Manāfiʿ (fols. 50r–53r), it is likely that only one folio is missing. The Naʿt section of the Monkey is likewise missing, while the Manāfiʿ section is at fol. 193v. It is therefore quite obvious that at least one folio is missing. That there should have also been an illustration of the Monkey is certain, because on fol.
Of the Preachers, son of the late lamented, whose resting-place is heaven’s paradise, the most noble of pilgrims, Ḥ ajjī ʿAbd Allāh, may God render his grave fragrant, and make heaven his dwelling-place, has been stamped. Sun- 10 In one of these two letters, dated Vienna 21 November 1884, Adolf Tintner informs Charles Rieu that he has sent him “with today’s post” an Oriental painting for which he required 40 Pounds Sterling. Moreover, he takes the opportunity of sending him three manuscripts, one in Arabic, two in Persian for which he requires 150 Pounds Sterling.
In such places restoring the original the manuscript 17 Fig. 12. Layout of text and image of the Bat. Naʿt, fols. 197r, 198r (56r, 57r). sequence has been rendered difficult not just because some folios are missing, but especially because in parts of what remains some illustrations and rubrics have been omitted, so that a simple reading of the text can only go so far. Beyond the primary tools of syntactic and semantic coherence between folios, the reconstruction thus also needs to call upon external sources.