By Liesbeth Zegveld
Armed competition teams often struggle governments, looking overthrow and/or secession. yet who's dependable below foreign legislation for the acts dedicated through those teams, or for the failure to avoid those acts? Zegveld examines the necessity legally to spot the events concerned whilst armed inner clash arises, and the truth in their call for for rights. even supposing at present so much armed conflicts are inner, they continue to be principally uncharted territory in legislation. This award-winning examine could be of curiosity to lecturers, postgraduate scholars and pros concerned with armed clash and diplomacy.
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Additional info for Accountability of armed opposition groups in international law
It was also the problem of separating customary law from treaty law that compelled Meron to argue that ‘it cannot be said that the Court has succeeded in clarifying the status of the Geneva Conventions as customary law’, T. Meron, ‘Geneva Conventions as Customary Law’, above, n. 38, at 358. Prosecutor v. Zejnil Delalic, Zdravko Mucic, Hazim Delic, Esad Landzo, No. IT-96-21-T, paras. 302–3 (16 November 1998) (hereafter, Celebici case). legal restraints on armed opposition groups as such 25 The Trial Chamber did thus not consider the difﬁculty of separate identiﬁcation of customary law to be prohibitive for its ﬁnding of customary law.
McDonald, ‘The Year in Review’ (1998) 1 YIHL 113, 121. 1 2 introduction mid-1998 alone, there were fourteen internal conﬂicts, in each of which more than 1,000 people were killed, and which have, cumulatively, led to approximately 5 million deaths2 since the conﬂicts ﬁrst broke out, which, in some cases, was many years ago. While in many cases the government is responsible for the greatest number of deaths, surveys of Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch show that armed opposition groups have also created many victims, primarily civilians.
Meron, Human Rights in Internal Strife: their International Protection (Grotius Publications Limited, Cambridge, 1987) p. 43–4 (hereafter, Internal Strife). P. Weil, ‘Le droit international en quˆete de son identit´e’ (1992) 237–VI Recueil des Cours at 222. F. Kalshoven, ‘Reafﬁrmation and Development of International Humanitarian Law Applicable in Armed Conﬂicts: the Diplomatic Conference Geneva 1974–1977’ (1997) 8 NYIL 107, at 112 (hereafter, ‘Reafﬁrmation’). 4/1998/87, para. 4/1994/31, para. 13 (Report of the Special Rapporteur on Question of Torture, N.