An abortive Chinese enlightenment The Cultural Revolution by Lin, Weiran

By Lin, Weiran

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By Lin, Weiran

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221). As expected, the share of exports from occupied China to South Asia dropped sharply due to difficult sea transportation, and sales to the USA and the UK stopped completely. During the whole period the exports from free China were, under government control, chiefty destined for the USSR and the United States to discharge loan obligations. In the wake of Japanese capitulation in August 1945 there followed three years of civil war. In spite of being short in duration, this period was associated with chaos and hyperinftation.

8 per cent in 1969 (ACFERT, 1986, p. 950). Obviously the Chinese economy was oriented primarily towards an inward-Iooking developme nt during this period. The causes responsible for this state of stagnation were both internal and extern al. Internally, China suffered from economic and political disruptions, which affected adversely its exports. Three successive bad harvests beginning from 1959, due partly to bad weather and partly to errors made in planning and economic management during the Great Leap Forward, produced an acute agricultural and food crisis in the early 1960s.

Throughout the 1960s China suffered from economic setbacks following a three-year agricultural crisis, the sudden withdrawal of Soviet aid and the political turmoil of the Cultural Revolution. These factors led to an inward-Iooking regime. As a result, China's export trade stagnated over this decade whilst world exports boomed. With the restoration of order to the economy and increasing world demand, China's exports rose again between 1970 and 1973. Subsequently, however, global recession and criticism from domestic 'leftists' impeded this upward trend and China's exports were thus marked by retrenchment in 1974--6.

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