By John Bell (auth.), László Pólos, Michael Masuch (eds.)
A number of papers offered on the overseas convention `Applied common sense: good judgment at Work', held in Amsterdam in December 1992. these days, the time period `applied good judgment' has a truly large that means, as a number of functions of logical tools in machine technology, formal linguistics and different fields testify. Such purposes are under no circumstances limited to using recognized logical concepts: at its top, utilized common sense comprises a back-and-forth discussion among logical idea and the matter domain.
The papers concentrate on the appliance of common sense to the research of average language, in syntax, semantics and pragmatics, and the impact of those stories at the improvement of good judgment. within the final decade, the dynamic nature of usual language has been the main attention-grabbing problem for logicians. Dynamic semantics is the following utilized to new issues, the dynamic process is prolonged to syntax, and a number of other methodological concerns in dynamic semantics are systematically investigated. different methodological matters within the formal stories of common language are mentioned, resembling the necessity for kinds, modal operators and different logical operators within the formal framework. extra articles tackle the scope of those methodological concerns from different views starting from cognition to computation.
the amount provides papers which are fascinating for graduate scholars and researchers within the box of good judgment, philosophy of language, formal semantics and pragmatics, and computational linguistics.
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Extra info for Applied Logic: How, What and Why: Logical Approaches to Natural Language
34 JAN VAN EIJCK AND NISSIM FRANCEZ allocation for some variable in it. In case this happens, the call aborts with error. Thus, there are three possibilities for a DPL program 1[' to execute, given a model M, an allocation 1 and a memory state s (we will say that the pair (1, s) forms the input for 1[' ): • program 1[' succeeds by producing an output pair (l',s'), • program 1[' indicates failure for that input, • program 1[' aborts with error because inside 1[' a relation gets called with an undeclared variable.
The problem is the locality of the object variable (to the procedure body), rendering this object unaccessible to anaphoric reference outside the procedure. In reality, such anaphoric references are possible, very similarly to subject accessibility. Thus, consider 4 John loves his wife. Bill does too. She is beautiful. Clearly, she refers here anaphdrically to the object of the second sentence in the sequence above. It seems that in the preferred reading of the whole sequence, the use of she is disambiguating, imposing a strict interpretation of the VPE.
In fact, in our formalization of our DPL extension in section 3, we implicitly have provided the means to incorporate presuppo- 54 JAN VAN EIJCK AND NISSIM FRANCEZ sition (and its failure) in our procedural representation process. Note that a procedure like proc p(x) : ty : wife-of (y, x ) love (x, y) end, that is, the procedure to love one's wife, does have a presupposition, because the definite assignment construction ty: wife-of (y, x) which is part of it has a partial semantics stating that it succeeds if a unique wife for x can be found, and aborts with error otherwise.