By Anthony L. Cardoza
This publication presents the 1st complete account of the Italian Sobility within the post-unification period, and demanding situations fresh interpretations that experience under pressure the quick fusion of outdated and new elites via highlighting the ongoing monetary energy, social strength and political impression of Italy's so much widespread nearby aristocracy. In Piedmont, the nobles constructed extra oblique types of impression, whereas closing a separate and unique staff with restricted social contacts with business or managerial elites, till international warfare I remodeled their previous lifestyle.
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Extra info for Aristocrats in Bourgeois Italy: The Piedmontese Nobility, 1861-1930
ARISTOCRATS IN BOURGEOIS ITALY 35 classes of citizens. 83 Analysis of the social origins of high office holders in the Kingdom of Sardinia between 1814 and 1847 reveals the extent to which these arrangements insured aristocratic dominance. 84 Predictably, members of the old feudal nobility maintained a stranglehold on all offices at court and in the royal household from the lord chamberlain and grand master to the gentlemen-inwaiting and major-domos, some 152 positions in all that gave them privileged access to the king.
6 1 7 - 6 3 0 . 29 As the wave of royal reforming zeal receded in the latter half of the eighteenth century, the second estate in Piedmont still found itself headed by a small elite of no more than ioo prominent old families. These families had weathered the crises occasioned by the confiscation of the fiefs and the perequazione with limited damage. With few exceptions, they had sufficient liquid assets and alternative sources of income needed to buy back their possessions and fiefs in the 1720s.
22 THE PIEDMONTESE NOBILITY: 16OO-1848 Aristocratic landowners not only consolidated and expanded their properties; they also found various ways to increase their profitability, and thereby compensate themselves for the loss of their old fiscal exemptions. Initially, their response took the form of a feudal reaction entailing intensified exploitation of the peasant labor force. 32 In the second half of the century, however, many aristocratic landowners were also taking steps to increase the efficiency of their estates in order to exploit the growing European demand for cereal products.