Bahrain by Federal Research Division

By Federal Research Division

Bahrain's dating with Qatar is long-standing. After the Al Khalifa conquered Bahrain in 1783 from their base in Qatar, Bahrain turned the Al Khalifa seat. hence, tribal parts last in Qatar sought to say their autonomy from the Al Khalifa. therefore, within the early 19th century, Qatar used to be the scene of numerous conflicts concerning the Al Khalifa and their opponents, the Al Thani, in addition to numerous outsiders, together with Iranians, Omanis, Wahhabis, and Ottomans. whilst the British East India corporation in 1820 signed the final Treaty of Peace with the shaykhs of the realm designed to finish piracy, the treaty thought of Qatar a dependency of Bahrain.

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By Federal Research Division

Bahrain's dating with Qatar is long-standing. After the Al Khalifa conquered Bahrain in 1783 from their base in Qatar, Bahrain turned the Al Khalifa seat. hence, tribal parts last in Qatar sought to say their autonomy from the Al Khalifa. therefore, within the early 19th century, Qatar used to be the scene of numerous conflicts concerning the Al Khalifa and their opponents, the Al Thani, in addition to numerous outsiders, together with Iranians, Omanis, Wahhabis, and Ottomans. whilst the British East India corporation in 1820 signed the final Treaty of Peace with the shaykhs of the realm designed to finish piracy, the treaty thought of Qatar a dependency of Bahrain.

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In the eighth century, a dispute arose over who should lead the Shia community after the death of the Sixth Imam, Jaafar ibn Muhammad (also known as Jaafar as Sadiq). The group that eventually became the Twelvers followed the teaching of Musa al Kazim; another group followed the teachings of Musa's brother, Ismail, and were called Ismailis. Ismailis are also referred to as Seveners because they broke off from the Shia community over a disagreement concerning the Seventh Imam. Ismailis do not believe that any of their Imams have disappeared from the world in order to return later.

Reza's sister, Fatima, journeyed from Medina to be with her brother but took ill and died at Qom, in present-day Iran. A major shrine developed around her tomb, and over the centuries Qom has become a major Shia pilgrimage site and theological center. Al Mamun took Reza on his military campaign to retake Baghdad from political rivals. On this trip, Reza died unexpectedly in Khorasan. Reza was the only Imam to reside in, or die in, what is now Iran. A major shrine, and eventually the city of Mashhad, grew up around his tomb, which is the major pilgrimage center in Iran.

In that year, the British sent a fleet from India that destroyed the pirates' main base at Ras al Khaymah, a Qawasim port at the southern end of the gulf. From Ras al Khaymah, the British fleet destroyed Qawasim ships along both sides of the gulf. The British had no desire to take over the desolate areas along the gulf; they only wished to secure the area so that it would not pose a threat to shipping to and from their possessions in India. Knowing that the sultan in Oman could not be relied upon to control the pirates, the British decided to leave in power those tribal leaders who had not been conspicuously involved with piracy; they concluded a series of treaties in which those leaders promised to suppress all piracy.

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