By Arang Keshavarzian
The Tehran Bazaar has consistently been vital to the Iranian financial system and certainly, to the Iranian city adventure. Arang Keshavarzian's attention-grabbing publication compares the economics and politics of lower than the Pahlavis, who sought to undermine it within the force for modernisation and below the next progressive regime, which got here to energy with a mandate to maintain the bazaar as an 'Islamic' establishment. the results in their respective guidelines have been thoroughly at odds with their intentions. regardless of the Shah's opposed strategy, the bazaar flourished lower than his rule and maintained its organisational autonomy to such an quantity that it performed an necessary function within the Islamic revolution. Conversely, the Islamic Republic applied rules that unwittingly remodeled the ways that the bazaar operated, therefore undermining its ability for political mobilisation. Arang Keshavarizian's booklet offers strange insights into the politics, economics and society of Iran throughout 4 a long time.
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Additional info for Bazaar and State in Iran: The Politics of the Tehran Marketplace
6 Illustration of the argument develops between state institutions and existing norms and informal practices, the resolution of which sets the parameters for networks that are intended to avoid, acquiesce in, or abuse state regulation. I will demonstrate that the Pahlavi regime’s high modernist transformative project resulted in the bazaars being ignored by the state and that there was little attempt by the state to incorporate the Bazaar or directly engage the institutions that reproduced its economic and political autonomy and power for it was assumed it would simply pass away with modernization.
For instance, bazaari ties are reproduced by and within the confines of the central marketplace – in its stores, alleyways, warehouses, coffee shops, restaurants, and mosques. By the locations of networks, I mean the physical spheres and spatial dimensions where interactions take place and how ties transcend and are situated in relation to specific locales. g. g. the postrevolutionary Bazaar). I argue that as networks expand in terms of scope, as they did through the 1980s and 1990s, the internal structure of those networks will adjust.
If the interviewee was busy, but seemed genuinely interested in participating, I would arrange for a meeting at a future date. At times, I will refer to statements made by bazaaris in a preliminary survey. This is because initially I designed a pilot survey and planned to distribute it during interviews. The questions were derived and tested during a research trip in the summer of 1999. Thirty-two surveys were completed. However, this method was highly unsuccessful since (1) most bazaaris were wary of the written method and (2) they viewed this as too time consuming.