By Saho Matsumoto-Best
From the time of the Reformation Anglo-Vatican kin have usually been visible as an extended background of never-ending antagonism and mutual suspicion, yet this has now not continuously been the case. This ebook sheds gentle on essentially the most curious episodes in early Victorian historical past while, round the time of the 1848 revolutions in Europe, a rapprochement virtually built among Britain and the papacy, and British politicians and writers talked about the hot head of the Catholic Church, Pius IX, as 'the stable pope'.Integrating diplomatic, political, ecclesiastical and social historical past, Saho Matsumoto-Best strains the criteria that introduced those commonly adversarial powers jointly and the explanations why this rapprochement was once doomed to failure. She demonstrates how the will to help constitutional executive in Italy and to minimize the actions of the Irish Catholic church led the govt of Lord John Russell to construct an in depth courting with Pius IX, and the way failure to appreciate the Vatican's priorities and anti-papal and anti-Catholic feeling in Britain, relatively within the context of the recovery of the Catholic hierarchy in 1850, finally destroyed this policy.BR>This learn is a crucial and unique contribution to the present debate in regards to the nature of mid 19th century-Britain and sheds new mild at the British function in Italian unification. it's going to even be of serious curiosity to scholars of nineteenth-century ecu foreign and ecclesiastical heritage, and of the 1848 revolutions.
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Extra info for Britain and the Papacy in the Age of Revolution, 1846-1851 (Royal Historical Society Studies in History New Series)
Holland to Aberdeen, 1 Apr. 1846, ibid. 26 1815 TO THE ELECTION OF PIUS IX as well as in other parts of Italy and even abroad, because d’Azeglio was, like Renzi, a moderate liberal rather than a revolutionary. Another sign of Gregory’s reactionary attitude was the invitation to the Russian emperor, Nicholas I, to visit Rome in January 1846, despite Russia’s brutal treatment of Catholics in Poland. This caused consternation in the Foreign Office and led The Times to express its anxiety in an article on 26 January 1846: ‘if Russia’s own government acquired a footing in southern Europe, they would in course of time become masters of the whole.
He was known to be a man of moderate views and was considered to be pro-French. Within a few days it became clear that his election was well received by both British official and public opinion. 82 On 6 July The Times contained a long article explaining all the details about the background to the election, and in particular the conflict between French and Austrian interests, which was again absent from Foreign Office documents. According to the article there were a number of candidates, on one side was Cardinal Micara who was popular with the lower class, and on the other was Cardinal Altieri, the former nuncio in Vienna, who belonged to the high-class nobility.
1844, ASV, Segreteria di Stato, Affari ecclesiastici straordinari, sezione per i rapporti con Inghilterra, posizione 54, fo. 23. 43 Broderick, The Holy See, 182. 44 Ibid. 149–50. Aubin died in May 1844. 45 This impression can be extrapolated from Petre’s correspondence with Aberdeen throughout 1845: FO 43/38. 46 However the Maynooth grant, which had been intended to placate Irish opinion, ironically gave more opportunity for repeal supporters to study in the college. 47 He was convinced that the Maynooth grant was important if Ireland was to be subdued, and hoped that it would conciliate a large section of the Irish Catholic community.