By Daniel P. Todes
19th century Russian intellectuals perceived a Malthusian bias in Darwin's concept of evolution via common choice. They pointed out that bias with Darwin's thought of the fight for lifestyles and his emphasis upon the evolutionary position of overpopulation and intraspecific clash. during this e-book, Todes files a old Russian critique of Darwin's Malthusian errors, explores its dating to such clinical paintings as Mechnikov's phagocytic idea, Korzhinskii's mutation concept and Kropotkin's concept of mutual relief, and reveals its origins in Russia's political economic system and within the very nature of its land and weather. this is often the 1st e-book in English to ascertain intimately the medical paintings of 19th century Russian evolutionists, and the 1st in any language to discover the connection of Russian theories to the commercial, political, and common situations during which they have been generated. It combines a vast scope (dealing with political figures and cultural hobbies) with a detailed research of medical paintings on a number of issues.