By G. Talbot
Censorship and customary experience in Fascist Italy, 1922-43 is the 1st finished account of the variety and complexity of censorship practices in Italy less than the Fascist dictatorship. through providing archival fabric from the political police; the Italian army; the top Minister's press workplace, and its next incarnation, the Ministry for pop culture, it exhibits how practices of censorship have been used to impression regime switch, to degree and to form public opinion, habit and attitudes within the 20 years of Mussolini's dictatorship.
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Extra resources for Censorship in Fascist Italy, 1922-43: Policies, Procedures and Protagonists
As well as the obvious benefits to a 42 Censorship in Fascist Italy, 1922–43 bank of having an influential friend in the Economia nazionale, the Banca commerciale developed financial interests (Consorzio aereo italiano) in aviation business too, in 1927. Toeplitz, however, continued to fund Mussolini’s paper and his regime after the fall of Finzi and the Matteotti crisis, as part of a strategy of patronage. Barbone has cracked a police cypher of transcribed phone taps. These reveal that Finzi’s eventual replacement as intermediary between the financier and the dictator was none other than the Chief of Police himself, Arturo Bocchini, who took up his post in 1926.
52 Mussolini’s need to consolidate his power led quickly to processes of accommodation and negotiation with a range of social forces wider than those representing capital. Principal among these were the Church and the monarchy. The Church and the newspapers within its sphere of influence were less concerned about an authoritarian government than by the fear of a communist revolution, and where necessary the Church took steps to replace editors or close down titles altogether in the interests of maintaining good relations with Mussolini.
My book demonstrates how the impulse to suppress opposition, evident as early as 1919, developed into a series of policies, provisions and procedures designed to implement the Fascists’ totalitarian vision of Italian society. Censorship was in place well before 1934 although policy underwent one mutation that spring and another one in 1938. 20 Censorship in Fascist Italy, 1922–43 The chapters which follow address different aspects of Fascist censorship. I will begin by exploring the place of censorship in the daily life of the regime through the initial consolidation of power.