By Stanislav J. Kirschbaum (eds.)
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Extra resources for Central European History and the European Union: The Meaning of Europe
The Map off Civilization on the Mind of the Enlightenment (Stanford, CA: Stanford University y Press, 1994). 5 Rada Ivekovicc´, La balcanizzazione della ragione (Rome: Manifestolibri, 1995), p. 75. 6 Rada Ivekovic´, Autopsia dei Balcani (Milan: R. Cortina, 1999), p. 80. 7 Hodza was a Slovak, of the Protestant faith, and a follower of Masaryk in the group ‘Hlas’ (The Voice) that tried to start a collaboration between the Czechs and the Slovaks in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. He was Czechoslovak prime minister from 1935 to 1938 and worked bravely to defend and reinforce the Little Entente in the face of the disruptive pressures that came from the governments off Rome and Berlin, but the international conditions at that time brought about the failure of his efforts and the end of Czechoslovakia.
To the names of Hodza, Popovici and Maniu can be added those of the Czech Tomáš G. Masaryk, the Hungarians Oszkár Jászi and Mihályi Károlyi, the Romanians Nicolae Titulescu and Grigore Gafencu, the Bulgarian Aleksandar Stambolijski, and among South Slavs, Josip Strossmayer, Frano Supilo, and the considerable Slovenian federalist movement, which some prefer to ignore. Strossmayer was the most authentic supporter of that Yugoslav movement, which in recent times has been considered historically unfounded and linked to the activities of Josip Broz Tito.
His struggle was not one for independence as an end in itself, but a struggle to ensure that this independence was only the first step towards rebuilding a wide united area on a federal basis. The principle of nationality was thus linked with the federative principle. In this sense, the creation of multinational states such as Czecho-Slovakia, the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, and Poland should not be seen as ‘imperfect’ entities in comparison to the ‘perfect’ application of the right to self-determination, but rather as the first step toward an unavoidable politics of collaboration between the peoples of Central Europe with a view to achieving a greater association of nations.