By Yung Ping Chen (auth.)
As a member of the home international Affairs Subcommittee on Asian and Pacific Affairs, i'm inevitably all in favour of the longer term position of Communist China in global affairs. a real figuring out of Peking's overseas coverage factors and ambitions is feasible provided that one has a snatch of the ideological foundations and conflicts of the modern leaders of the chinese language Communist occasion. Therein lies the worth of Professor Yung Ping Chen's revised version chinese language Political proposal: Mao Tse-tung and Liu Shao-chi. inside of a compact variety of pages, Professor Chen's e-book presents the rt~ader with a transparent and prepared take hold of of the basics of Com munist chinese language ideology. even though its scholarship is obvious, the work's interpretation don't crush the reader with long quotations or confuse him with over the top speculations-difficulties occasionally associa ted with books approximately China. as a substitute, Professor Chen seems to be able to lessen advanced rules to possible proportions. In his revised variation, the writer uses resource fabric which lately has turn into to be had outdoors China to elucidate matters serious about the "Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution." That phenomenon, which has triggered lots ask yourself and hypothesis within the West, is analyzed by means of Professor Chen. He describes for the reader the underlying ideological components that have emerged from the good turmoil in China, putting them inside of a framework of validated ancient occasions whereas averting the pitfall of unending theorizing approximately occasions and occasions inside of China approximately which too little is but known.
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Extra resources for Chinese Political Thought: Mao Tse-Tung and Liu Shao-Chi
Ae Mao Tse-tung, "On New Democracy" (1940), in his Selected Works, III, 117. I. , p. 116. a1 Mao, "Analysis of the Classes," Sel. , I, 14. • 1 Loc. cit. Liu Shao-chi, Lun kuo chi chu iyii min tsu chu i (Peking: 1949), p. 43 . • & Liu Shao-chi, Chung-kuo lao kungyiin tung hsiao shih (Darieu: Chen Ii shlO, 1947), p. 16. 18 a. CHINESE CONDITIONS 31 according to Mao. He arbitrarily includes master handicraftsmen, students, school teachers, lower government functionaries, office clerks, small lawyers and petty traders in this category.
24. 6S Loc. cit. 68 Loc. cit. CHINESE CONDITIONS 35 It is interesting to note that Liu, although he fully agreed with Mao in praising the proletariat, failed to point out the weak side of the characteristics of this class. In fact, he went further in praising the Chinese proletariat by saying it could organize and change everything. 59 CHINA'S PRESENT SITUATION From the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949 to 1957, China has been in the semi-socialist or New Democratic era, according to both Mao and Liu.
3D Thus, along with Mao, after asserting the numerical strength of the petty bourgeoisie Liu has also indicated the dual character of this class. 40 Peasantry In view of Mao and Liu's emphasis on the importance of the peasantry's role in revolution, it is necessary to discuss at this time their analyses of this group, independent from other social strata, though according Mao, "Analysis of the Classes" (1926), Sel. , I, IS. Mao, Chinese Revolution and Communist Party, p. 20. , p. 21. 38 Mao, "Resolution on Some Questions in the History of Our Party," in his Selected Works, IV, 211.