By Ugur Umit Ungor, Mehmet Polatel
This can be the 1st significant research of the mass sequestration of Armenian estate via the younger Turk regime throughout the 1915 Armenian genocide. It information the emergence of Turkish financial nationalism, bargains perception into the industrial ramifications of the genocidal approach, and describes how the plunder used to be geared up at the floor. The interrelated nature of estate confiscation initiated by means of the younger Turk regime and its cooperating neighborhood elites deals new insights into the features and beneficiaries of state-sanctioned theft. Drawing on mystery records and unexamined documents, the authors show that whereas Armenians suffered systematic plunder and destruction, usual Turks have been assigned quite a number estate for his or her development.
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Additional info for Confiscation and Destruction: The Young Turk Seizure of Armenian Property
40 As his journey continued, he was disturbed by his realization that the contrasts between Armenians and Turks was not limited to Istanbul, but was a countrywide phenomenon. The next stop was Sivrihisar, a town consisting of 3,500 households in 26 Turkish and 6 Armenian neighbourhoods. In many ways, it was a typical town, representative of thousands of similar ones in the interior. ’ In the noisy classes, the children were playing and jostling instead of learning. Conversely, the Armenian schools were new, organized in classrooms, with a charming director, young teachers overseeing pupils silently absorbed in their lessons.
Turkish-speaking Muslims, later denominated ‘Turks’, were the majority in most urban areas, for they had been occupying most administrative positions and engaged in domestic trade. Turkish peasants lived in the Anatolian countryside, where they lived off subsistence farming and in a good year could sell their surplus harvest. Armenians inhabiting the cities made their livings as merchants or craftsmen and in many bazaars the majority of tradesmen were Armenians. Some of these men were relatively prosperous, having family members abroad and being active in politics.
Deeply influenced by contemporary European thought on nationalism, he was most formative in the overhaul of Ottoman Muslim identity and the emergence of Turkish nationalism and his work was particularly influential in shaping Young Turk ideology. 70 This nationalist ideal not only entailed the dismissal of civic interpretations of nationalism, but also espoused a collective disidentification with non-Turkish Muslims such as Albanians, Arabs, Kurds and Persians living in the Ottoman Empire. Gökalp embraced the work of Émile Durkheim and reinterpreted the French sociologist’s thought into a distinct set of ideas that laid the foundations of modern Turkish nationalism.