By Anne-Marie Gardner
This booklet investigates no matter if overseas criteria of excellent governance are utilized to sub-state actors in addition to to states. by way of studying the overseas reaction to self-determination claims, this venture demonstrates that the overseas neighborhood does certainly carry sub-state teams in charge to such standards. Claimant teams that experience internalized human rights and democratic norms usually tend to obtain foreign help within the kind of empowerment (promoting a few kind of self-governance). to demonstrate the causal forces at paintings, the ebook offers 3 qualitative case studies--Kosovo, Nagorno-Karabakh, and the Western Sahara--to display that predictable adjustments within the overseas reaction take place as foreign conception of every claimant group’s democratic list varies over time.
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Additional resources for Democratic Governance and Non-State Actors
Indd 18 11/25/2010 2:22:55 PM SETTING STANDARDS IN THE MODERN WORLD 19 support over time in Kosovo, Nagorno-Karabakh, and Western Sahara. This offers a more dynamic picture of the international response to self-determination than either a Realist or Legalist approach, neither of which can explain variance in international support when material factors and codified law are static. As the case study chapters show, predictable changes in the international response occur as international perceptions of each claimant group’s democratic record has waxed and waned—all within the standards before status framework.
Indd 23 11/25/2010 2:23:21 PM 24 DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE & NON-STATE ACTORS the central government is respected. Under this view, self-determination as a concept has no theoretical usefulness; strategies promoted by the international community are a function of the constellation of material interests involved in individual cases, with preference given to preserving existing state borders and interests of the Great Powers. But this explanation is theoretically incomplete; states’ motivations may include a desire to support a particular normative system— upholding values that are seen as conducive to system stability or that a state’s leaders or population feel are intimately tied to the state’s identity and ought to be encouraged or replicated elsewhere.
This assessment helps determine the level of political support for the group’s efforts at self-rule. The main hypothesis to be tested with the model is whether the highest levels of international empowerment (the most extensive support for autonomous governance structures) occur when the claimant group displays a high degree of democratic capacity. In these cases, the international community supports the claimant group’s efforts to establish more autonomous institutions or governing mechanisms separate from or in conjunction with existing state institutions.